Department of Sociology and Urban Studies

Dr. Joseph McLaughlin, Chairperson

The Department of Sociology and Urban Studies offers a major in Sociology and a major in Urban Studies. Minors are offered in Sociology, Urban Studies, Africana Studies and Anthropology. The Program in Public Policy in the School of Professional and Continuing Studies also offers both Associate’s and Bachelor’s degrees.

Requirements for Sociology Major

Degree of Bachelor of Arts

SO-121Introduction to Sociology3
SO-280Sociological Theory3
SO-345Sociology of Intimacy3
SO-384Cultural Anthropology3
SO-448Statistics in the Social Sciences3
SO-450Research Techniques: Social Sciences3
SO/UR-492Urban Internship3
or SO-495 Internship in International Settings
SO-496Senior Seminar in Sociology3
SO-Sociology Electives6
Total Credits30

Special Notes on Core Curriculum Requirements for Sociology Major

Requirements for an Urban Studies Major

Degree of Bachelor Arts

UR-151The Contemporary City3
UR-370Urban Anthropology3
UR-412Ethnicity and Race in Urban History3
UR-490Urban Field Work3
UR-491Advanced Urban Field Work3
SO-450Research Techniques: Social Sciences3
UR-Urban Studies Electives12
Total Credits30

Special Notes on Core Curriculum Requirements for Urban Studies Major

Requirements for a Minor in Urban Studies

UR-151The Contemporary City3
UR-Urban Studies Electives15
Total Credits18

Requirements for a Minor in Sociology

SO-121Introduction to Sociology3
Select one of the following:3
AS-
Africana Studies course
LS-
Latin American and Latino Studies course
WS-
Women’s Studies course
SO-Sociology electives12
Total Credits18

Requirements for a Minor in Urban Studies

UR-151The Contemporary City3
UR/SO-412Ethnicity and Race in Urban History3
UR-Urban Studies electives12
Total Credits18

Requirements for a Minor in Anthropology

SO/BI-313Human Evolution, Ecology and Adaptation 13
SO-370Urban Anthropology3
SO-384Cultural Anthropology3
Select three of the following9
Globalization and Fieldwork Seminar 2
Introduction to Africana Studies
Introduction to Latin American and Latino Studies
China: Environmental Change and Possibilities
Pre-Columbian Civilizations
The Anthropology of Gender
Intercultural Relations
Ethnicity and Race in Urban History
Internship in International Settings
Total Credits18

Special Notes on Requirements for Anthropology Minor

SO Courses

SO-121. Introduction to Sociology. 3 Credits.

An examination of Sociology both as a practicing profession and scientific discipline, with an introduction to research methods, concepts, theories, and findings about the social world. Comparisons are made between Sociology and the other. An exploration of the potential relevance of Sociology to the job market is a part of this course.

SO-130. Introduction to Latin American and Latino Studies. 3 Credits.

This course is an introduction to the study of Latin American and Latino communities in the United States. Course topics will include, but are not limited to Lain American history, U.S.-Latin American relations, migration, colonization, historical, and contemporary issues.

SO-136. Introduction to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered Studies. 3 Credits.

This course will offer students an introduction to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered studies. Along with a focus on the history of this topic as a social movement, the course examines the topic from community, social justice and lifestyle perspectives.

SO-137. Introduction to Nonviolence. 3 Credits.

A study of violence and human nature the theory and practice of nonviolence, how conflicts - local and global - can be solved nonviolently and the lives of past and current peacemakers, including Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Dorothy Day and many others.

SO-140. Introduction to Women's Studies. 3 Credits.

This interdisciplinary course introduces students to women's studies, including its roots in the feminist and civil rights movements and the construction of gender in culture and society, giving specific attention to forms of gender inequality in the family, workplace, religion, healthcare, and relationships.

SO-200. Ethnic and Racial Relations. 3 Credits.

The study of interethnic and interracial relations. American and international experiences of immigrant groups, majorities, minorities, dominant cultures, and subcultures. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

SO-208. Sociology of Film. 3 Credits.

The impact of films on Society from a Sociological perspective and an analysis of Social structure and Social institutions (economy, race, culture, gender, etc.) through masterpieces of cinema. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-210. TV and Society. 3 Credits.

This course examines how the medial shapes society and in-turn how society shapes the media. While initially focusing on television, the class now looks at more recent forms of the communication. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-216. Gender, Sexuality and Religion. 3 Credits.

Religion is known to have devoted considerable energy to regulate sexual norms and gender roles. This course seeks to help students to understand the social construction of religion, gender and sexuality. It will analyze and examine how different religions view gender and sexuality and how religion construct, reconstruct, and deconstruct gendernorms and sexuality. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-221. Surveillance in the Cybercity. 3 Credits.

Smartphones, debit cards, social networking sites, transportation systems, and public spaces increasingly produce troves of data about everyday life. This data is used by governments, corporations, educational institutions, activist organizations, and everyday people. This course critically analyzes forms of urban surveillance so as to reconsider personal and collective rights to privacy, property, and security within the contemporary cybercity. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-224. Black Hair and Identity in America. 3 Credits.

This course will examine the social, cultural and political significance of black hair in America. It will explore hair's profound impact on identity. Black hair is embedded in notions of race, ethnicity, gender and class. Prerequisites: AS-177 SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-225. Sociology of Consumer Culture. 3 Credits.

This course explores the dynamics of the market economy. What and why do people consume? What are the forces behind this? Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-227. Sociology of Salsa. 3 Credits.

This course combines dance lessons with a sociological exploration of New York/New Jersey's salsa scene. Students will learn the fundamentals of salsa music and dance, with a focus on rhythm, timing, musicality and basic steps. Lessons are complemented by discussions and origins of the music a it relates to Latin American and Caribbean history and migration to the northeast. Finally, students will investigate the culture of socials, which are dance parties dedicated to learning and practicing the dance. Class meets two hours per week for lessons and requires a minimum of two additional hours per week of fieldwork TBA. Dance shoes or dance sneakers required. Prerequisites: SO-121 UR-151 OR LS-101.

SO-232. China: Environmental Change and Possibilities. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on the social, political, economic and cultural variable that impact the Chinese environmental deterioration and these consequences for the world at large. Alternative models of environmental conservation are included. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-233. Visual Sociology. 3 Credits.

Visual sociology is the study of visual images and their role and influence in society. It includes such media as: art, photographs, film, video, newspapers, magazines, advertisements, graphic novels along with many other forms of visual communication. This area of sociology examines the experience of living in an intensely visual world and how it may enhance as well as constrain our lives. It also explores how to use photography, film, video and other media as research tools in studying social issues and communicating findings with the public to bring about social change. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-234. Sociology of Ethnic Cuisine. 3 Credits.

Understanding society and ethnic diversity through an in-depth study of cuisine, focusing on the traditions, rituals, symbolism and meaning of food materials, food preparation and consumption. The course examines the role of food in defining ethnic identity and in deciphering the interaction between tradition and modernity Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-245. Haitians in America. 3 Credits.

Examines the history and experiences in America, paying special attention to how and why Haitians come to the U.S. It also explores patterns of settlement and mobility as well as interaction with other groups. Prerequisites: AS-175 OR AS-177 OR SO-121.

SO-251. Current Social Problems. 3 Credits.

Examination of controversial public issues using sociological theory and research as the resources change and conflicts in values as the source of new problems. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-253. Social Deviance. 3 Credits.

Explores the concepts of social norms, egocentricity, and ethnocentricity. Examines the relativity of deviance including criminal behavior, human sexuality, drug use, suicide, and other alternative forms of behavior.

SO-254. Sociology of Migration and Immigration. 3 Credits.

Immigration in history patterns of movement immigration and refugees adjustment and resettlement immigration law. The needs of immigratants housing, employment education, medical care. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-256. Sociology of Sports. 3 Credits.

This course uses both readings and films to explore the impact of economic and political forces and changing constructions of gender and social values on organized athletics at the professional and amateur levels. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-273. Global Feminisms. 3 Credits.

This interdisciplinary course explores global issues and debates regarding significant issues affecting women's lives and opportunities for equality.

SO-275. Pre-Columbian Civilizations. 3 Credits.

This course will examine the cultures, including their rises and falls, of a number of pre-Columbian cultures from archeological and cultural anthropological perspectives. Inca, Myan, Aztec, and Others. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR LS-101.

SO-280. Sociological Theory. 3 Credits.

Classical themes of Sociology and major theoretical achievements from 1815 to the present. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-283. The Conspiracy Theory Film. 3 Credits.

The course looks at the themes of conspiracies and paranoia in film and popular culture. Students examine how social and political conflicts through the decades have created fears of large-scale corruption in organizations of power and how these fears were translated to the movie screen. Prerequisites: CM-106 CM-117 CM-120.

SO-288. The Role of Religion in Social Protest. 3 Credits.

This course examines various formal and informal roles of religions in social protest from the New York City uprisings through Black Lives Matter and beyond. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151 OR AS-177.

SO-295. Cooperative Education. 3 Credits.

SO-300. Wealth, Power and Prestige: Social Stratification. 3 Credits.

Classic Theories and recent research on social inequality and mobility. The linkage of class and behavior education in behavior in education, religion and politics is an essential part of the course. This course utilizes a variety of sociological concepts to examine work as a social institution. In addition to the formal analysis offered, participants in the course will have the opportunity to examine their own role in the world of work. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-313. Human Evolution, Ecology and Adaptation. 3 Credits.

This interdisciplinary course focuses on evolutionary adaptations of the human species to nature and ways it has adapted nature to serve its needs. These adaptations and their consequences for changes in human ways of life are central to this course. Prerequisites: BI-184 OR SO-121.

SO-324. Sociology of Work. 3 Credits.

This course utilizes a variety of sociological concepts to examine work as a social institution. In addition to the formal analysis offered, participants in the course will have the opportunity to examine their own role in the world of work. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-326. The Anthropology of Gender. 3 Credits.

Course is a cross cultural, comparative and historical examination of the different constructions of gender (masculinity and feminism). Includes symbolic meanings of sexual differences and how these meanings influence life cycle ritual, etc... Prerequisites: SO-121 OR SO-384.

SO-333. Black Community and the Law. 3 Credits.

An examination of the role of the American legal process in African American history from 1619 to the present, with concentration on laws and their application during the slavery and post-slavery era, the early and mid 1900's, and in modern rural and urban life. Topics include civil rights, constitutional, property, and criminal law.

SO-345. Sociology of Intimacy. 3 Credits.

This course will explore sexual scripts the social control of marrying negotiating and bargaining marriage roles the dynamics of family interaction conflict and divorce. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-351. Issues in the Latino Community. 3 Credits.

The socio-economic and political origins of the various Hispanic peoples, with analysis of social issues arising from Hispanic involvement in American societal substitutions, i.e. education, politics, family, etc. Prerequisites: SO-121 UR-151 OR LS-101.

SO-360. Intercultural Relations. 3 Credits.

An examination of the influence of cultural factors on human thought, emotion and action. Theoretical and methodological issues in intercultural relations are reviewed and observational studies conducted. Prerequisites: SO-121 SO-384.

SO-368. Health and Inequalities: Race, Class and Gender. 3 Credits.

This course critically examines the relationship between health status and social inequalities along the lines of race and ethnicity, social class and gender. We begin with an overview of epidemiology and the idea of studying health from a sociological perspective. We then consider the complex relationship between socio-economic status (class) and health statuses, followed by an examination of specific health issues for major racial/ethnic minorities and gender groups. We will try to understand how low socioeconomic status leads to poor health, how conscious, unconscious, and institutionalized racial/gender bias affects medical care and health outcomes, and address ideas for reducing health disparities among all groups. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-370. Urban Anthropology. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the emergence of urban culture in its present form from its neolithic roots. Emphasis on urban life in the New Jersey area, with reference to the peoples and cultures in urban environments world-wide. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-384. Cultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

An analysis of the development of anthropology as an offshoot from Sociology an examination of the differences in the methodology of anthropology and Sociology in the study of a variety of cultures. Prerequisites: SO-121 PL-100 OR PL-101 OR TH-110 OR TH-120.

SO-389. Latina Research in Action. 3 Credits.

Students will learn about the theoretical underpinnings of participatory action research and will engage in existing or new participatory projects in education with Latina communities.

SO-399. Tutorial. 1 Credit.

SO-412. Ethnicity and Race in Urban History. 3 Credits.

Includes the African and European immigrant experiences in America, the effects of slavery and urbanization, and the formation of class consciousness. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151, AND SO-280 AND SO-384.

SO-448. Statistics in the Social Sciences. 3 Credits.

Descriptive and inferential statistics including measures of central tendency and variability, linear correlation, and hypothesis testing. Prerequisites: SO-121 SO-380.

SO-450. Research Techniques: Social Sciences. 3 Credits.

Paradigms, theory and research the nature of causation research design conceptualization and measurement operationalization indexes, scales and typologies sampling types of Social research: experiments, surveys, field research, unobtrusive research, and evaluation research. Emphasis on active learning through exercises, report writing and student projects. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151 SO-280.

SO-451. Sociology Issues: Public Policy. 3 Credits.

SO-454. Black Films. 3 Credits.

A survey of 20th century film making by and about African-Americans. Prerequisites: CM-115 CM-116 CM-117 CM-119 CM-120 OR HP-122.

SO-465. Vietnam and the U.S.. 3 Credits.

A multidimensional view of the Vietnam era. U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia as a backdrop for an examination of changes in America from the late 1950s to the mid 1970s. Impact of Vietnam on civil rights, youth culture, the women's movement. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-472. Sociology of the Professions. 3 Credits.

History of the professions: the medieval guilds the nineteenth century and the development of applied science. Professions as communities peer evaluation and professional ethics. Prerequisites: SO-121.

SO-479. Science, Technology and Society. 3 Credits.

An interdisciplinary values course that examines from the perspectives of natural science, philosophy and political science, how technology evolves in society, the impact of technology on our lives, and the critical decisions that technology requires.

SO-489. Globalization and Fieldwork Seminar. 3 Credits.

Short term study/travel course in which students conduct first hand investigations on the effects of globalization in relevant settings. Specific area and topics determined at the beginning of the Academic Year. Locations change every term. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151 OR PO-100.

SO-492. Urban Internship. 3 Credits.

Advanced levels of field work emphasizing synthesis of social theories with work experience. Seminars held and an evaluation paper required. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-493. Advanced Urban Internship. 3 Credits.

Advanced levels of field work emphasizing synthesis of social theories with work experience. Seminars held and an evaluation paper required. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-495. Internship in International Settings. 3 Credits.

Planned and supervised off-campus working experiences overseas or with international organizations integrated with independent academic study under the tutelage of the Director of International and intercultural Studies. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

SO-496. Senior Seminar in Sociology. 3 Credits.

This capstone course ties together the various components in the Sociology Major as well as prepares graduates for the next level. Students will develop a synthesis production. Should be taken last term senior year. Prerequisites: SO-121 SO-280 SO-345 SO-384.

SO-498. Special Projects in Sociology I. 3 Credits.

Tutorial courses and reading courses in special areas of sociology. May be taken for one or two terms.

UR Courses

UR-126. Introduction to Public Policy and Social Action. 3 Credits.

This course is an introduction to the public policy and will answer the following questions: What is public poicy? Who makes public policy? What impact does public policy have on our lives? The course examines the relationship between public policy and social action.

UR-137. Introduction to Nonviolence. 3 Credits.

A study of violence and human nature the theory and practice of nonviolence, how conflicts - local and global - can be solved nonviolently and the lives of past and current peacemakers, including Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Dorothy Day and many others.

UR-151. The Contemporary City. 3 Credits.

Basic Urban Studies Course. Historical development of urbanization and industrialization in America. Problems of urban development, including housing, environment, crime, race, ethnicity, and class.

UR-202. Urban Music: Jazz to Hip-Hop. 3 Credits.

This course studies the history of urban music from jazz to rock and roll up to today's urban sounds. The course will concentrate both on the music and its socioeconomic impact on the urban landscape. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-219. Exploring Urban Experience Through Film. 3 Credits.

This course uses masterpieces of cinema to explore the city and urban culture. Topics will include the economy, race, culture, gender, immigration, gentrification and crime. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-220. Urban Architecture and Design. 3 Credits.

Using the city as a labaratory, the class will investigate the various shapes that form, and have formed, the urban environment. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-224. Black Hair and Identity in America. 3 Credits.

This course will examine the social, cultural and political significance of black hair in America. It will explore hair's profound impact on identity. Black hair is embedded in notions of race, ethnicity, gender and class. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-235. Harlem Renaissance. 3 Credits.

This course examines the period beginning in the 1920's known as the Harlem Renaissance. It was a time when black and white Americans alike discovered the vibrancy and uniqueness of black art, music, and literature. The class will also examine the importance of external forces, both positive and negative. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-237. Urban Economic Problems. 3 Credits.

UR-251. The American City Through the Wire. 3 Credits.

Very few television shows have captured the realities of the American city and the imaginations of the American public more than the Wire. More than a crime drama, the Wire reminds the viewer that all the pieces matter, as each of the five seasons focuses on a particular facet of the city: the illicit drug trade, working class employment, municipal government and bureaucracy, children and the education system, and the print news media. Using the Wire as the primary text, this course will look at the history of American cities, paying close attention to each season's theme.

UR-273. Global Feminisms. 3 Credits.

This interdisciplinary course explores global issues and debates regarding significant issues affecting women's lives and opportunities for equality. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-288. The Role of Religion in Social Protest. 3 Credits.

This course examines various formal and informal roles of religions in social protest from the New York City uprisings through Black Lives Matter and beyond. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151 OR AS-177.

UR-300. Wealth, Power and Prestige: Social Stratification. 3 Credits.

Classic Theories and recent research on social inequality and mobility. The linkage of class and behavior education in behavior in education, religion and politics is an essential part of the course. This course utilizes a variety of sociological concepts to examine work as a social institution. In addition to the formal analysis offered, participants in the course will have the opportunity to examine their own role in the world of work. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-308. Analysis of Urban Social Class. 3 Credits.

Analysis of the processes leading to formation of socio-economic classes in the urban context, including the role of income, wealth, occupation, education, ethnicity, and race. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-309. Women in Changing Urban World. 3 Credits.

Historical and contemporary examination of urban revolution as social basis for changing roles of women. Generation of conflicts and possibilities. Implications for society. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-310. American Utopias. 3 Credits.

The Utopian ideal from ancient times to the present, emphasizing the urban strand study of urban communities, past and present, workplace ownership, land trusts, co-ops, and garden cities. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-311. Strategies for Urban Change. 3 Credits.

Focuses on two levels of strategies directed at social and economic change in American cities: government strategies and strategies employed by urban groups seeking change. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-315. Computers for Public Policy. 3 Credits.

Course designed to give public sector workers computer literacy with special emphasis on word processing, spreadsheet analysis, computer graphics, etc. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-324. Poverty and Inequality. 3 Credits.

Description and anaylsis of the causes, characteristics and consequences of poverty. Links between poverty and inequality. Measurement of the different dimensions of poverty and inequality. Comparative analysis of poverty and inequality across countries. Poverty reduction policies and strategies. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-326. Community Organization. 3 Credits.

This course examines community organizing in terms of what it is, its impact and the obstacles to change. The course focused on how to bring groups together for collective change. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-327. Environmental Politics and Policies. 3 Credits.

This course explores the shifting political forces that determine environmental policies. Included is an examination of pressures, interest groups, and the media. Prerequisites: EV-100.

UR-328. Social Work in Urban Systems. 3 Credits.

Focuses on the major social welfare systems in America and the field of social work as the profession charged with implementing social welfare today. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-333. Black Community and the Law. 3 Credits.

An examination of the role of the American legal process in African American history from 1619 to the present, with concentration on laws and their application during the slavery and post-slavery era, the early and mid 1900's, and in modern rural and urban life. Topics include civil rights, constitutional, property, and criminal law. Prerequisites: SO-121, AS-177 OR UR-151.

UR-334. Foodscapes: Urban Encounters. 3 Credits.

This course seeks to question the ?ordinary? places of food in urban environments and global society. How we mark the spaces of food production, consumption, gastronomy, and disposal in urban settings are the control questions of the class. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-353. Black Family. 3 Credits.

A look at the historical, political, social, and economic forces that shape the contemporary Black family. Prerequisites: AS-177 OR UR-151.

UR-370. Urban Anthropology. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the emergence of urban culture in its present form from its neolithic roots. Emphasis on urban life in the New Jersey area, with reference to the peoples and cultures in urban environments world-wide. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-410. Managing Cross-Cultural Training Skills. 3 Credits.

Analysis of cross-cultural training techniques developed to improve relations between people of different cultures. Resources employed are actual techniques currently used by the U.S. State Department, international corporations and international educational organizations. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-412. Ethnicity and Race in Urban History. 3 Credits.

Includes the African and European immigrant experiences in America, the effects of slavery and urbanization, and the formation of class consciousness. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151, AND SO-280 AND SO-384.

UR-451. Social Issues in Public Policy I. 3 Credits.

An historical examination of social forces and responses, particularly at the grassroots level, which have contributed to our present institutional arrangements. Particular emphasis is given to the effect of social forces on public policy. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-452. Social Issues in Public Policy II. 3 Credits.

An investigation of public policy issues affecting constituencies in need of social services, such as older citizens, the homeless and those inadequately housed, and those in need of medical care. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-460. The U.S. Civil Rights Movement. 3 Credits.

Analysis of the origins, processes, and outcomes of the twentieth century black American Civil Rights struggle. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-465. Vietnam and the U.S.. 3 Credits.

A multidimensional view of the Vietnam era. U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia as a backdrop for an examination of changes in America from the late 1950s to the mid 1970s. Impact of Vietnam on civil rights, youth culture, the women's movement. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-489. Globalization and Fieldwork Seminar. 3 Credits.

Short term study/travel course in which students conduct first hand investigations on the effects of globalization in relevant settings. Specific area and topics determined at the beginning of the Academic Year. Locations change every term.

UR-490. Urban Field Work. 3 Credits.

Introductory level of field work emphasizing synthesis of social theories with work experience. Seminars held and an evaluation paper required. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-491. Advanced Urban Field Work. 3 Credits.

Advanced level of field work emphasizing synthesis of social theories with work experience. Seminars held and an evaluation paper required. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-492. Urban Internship. 3 Credits.

Advanced levels of field work emphasizing synthesis of social theories with work experience. Seminars held and an evaluation paper required. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-493. Advanced Urban Internship. 3 Credits.

Advanced levels of field work emphasizing synthesis of social theories with work experience. Seminars held and an evaluation paper required. Prerequisites: UR-151 OR SO-121.

UR-494. Senior Seminar in Sociology/Urban Studies. 3 Credits.

This capstone course ties together the various components in the Sociology/Urban Studies major as well as prepares graduates for the next level. Restricted to Juniors and Seniors in the Public Policy Program. Prerequisites: SO-121 OR UR-151.

UR-496. Theology and Urban Problems. 3 Credits.

A theological view of the Christian tradition on various contemporary urban problems such as poverty, injustice, racism, sexism, housing, unemployment; a study of some actual and possible responses to these problems.

UR-498. Special Topics. 3 Credits.

UR-499. Theological and Contemporary Public Issues. 3 Credits.

Deals with the theological implications of various contemporary environmental and ecological issues: nuclear energy, pollution, nutrition, world hunger, genetics.