Graduate Education Course Descriptions

Courses

GE-500. Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education. 3 Credits.

Examination of historical and philosophical foundations of education in our socially and culturally diverse country; introduction to thoughts of influential educations and the principles and ideas underlying educational policies; development of personal philosophy of education through identification of ideologies behind educational systems, curriculum, and goals.

GE-501. Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Early Childhood. 3 Credits.

Examines the historical, social, political, and philosophical foundations that impact the education of children in a culturally diverse society. Principles and ideas underlying educational policies and how education responds to the evolving needs and dispositions of our society.

GE-502. Psychological Foundations of Learning. 3 Credits.

Processes, conditions, and techniques associated with learning in human beings; learning theories and their applications, heredity, the learning environment, motivational patterns, concentration, memory, effective study, reaction, intelligence, personality, mental health, and moral integrity.

GE-503. Psychological Foundations of Early Learners: Birth to Age 8. 3 Credits.

Processes, conditions and techniques associated with learning in human beings, learning theories and their application to early childhood education settings. The learning environment will be discussed as it relates to supporting best practices in early childhood education and supports developmentally appropriate learning experiences.

GE-505. Directed Research in Higher Education. 3 Credits.

Survey of the basic concepts, procedures, and language of social science research: problem formulation, research design, data collection, data analysis and interpretation. Development of the student's ability to evaluate published research.

GE-506. Child and Adolescent Psychology. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to how a child develops from birth to age eight. It will address students with special needs, gifted students and English as second language populations.

GE-507. Professional Assessment Strategies. 3 Credits.

Course would incorporate subject specific content and strategies for taking standardized assessments.

GE-508. Research in Early Childhood Education. 3 Credits.

Survey of the basic concepts, procedures, and language of social science research: problem formulation, research, design, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation. Students will research a current topic/problem in the field of early childhood education and conduct a presentation on their findings.

GE-509. Fundamentals of Speech. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to the theoretical and practical requirements of the different types of public presentations and helps students to understand the communication process. It will focus on the basic elements of the communication process, and audience characteristics.

GE-510. Principles of Curriculum Development. 3 Credits.

A study of the elements and principles of curriculum design and construction for teachers at the elementary and secondary school levels. This course considers the theoretical concerns of curriculum planning as well as the activities involved in carrying theory in to practice.

GE-511. Principles and Problems of School Administration. 3 Credits.

Theories of leadership behavior: the changing role of the administrator, the roles of school personnel in administration, school and community relationships. Budget-planning responsibilities, master schedule construction, relationships with staff and pupil personnel, problem-solving techniques will be discussed.

GE-512. Assessment of Student Ability and Achievement. 3 Credits.

An overview of essential concepts and principles of classroom and school-wide formative and summative assessments such as PARCC. An examination of tests and trends in testing, namely, psychological, standardized, and achievement tests and the rationale and assumptions underlying these assessments. Consideration and evaluation of the types of tests commonly used such as PARCC, state, local, and national assessments as well as discussion of the interpretation of the results.

GE-513. Fundamentals of Elementary and Secondary Supervision. 3 Credits.

The supervisor's role as an educational leader/consultant. Objectives and techniques of instructional supervision; state mandated rules for evaluation of teachers and administrators; an analysis of evaluative instruments; and the supervisor as curriculum manager.

GE-514. School Finance. 3 Credits.

A study of the role of the local, state, and federal government in the financing of public education.

GE-516. School Law. 3 Credits.

A study of the legal framework in which public education operates. Federal and state laws affecting education and schools; school laws relating to the State Department of Education, school districts, local boards of education; and NJ 18A.

GE-517. Principles of Curriculum Development in Early Childhood and Elementary Education. 3 Credits.

This course will focus on developing appropriate and innovative methods in teaching P-3 students.

GE-528. Internship in Administration and Supervision I. 3 Credits.

Internships are arranged to give students on-the-job training. Supervision is provided by college staff in conjunction with the superintendent of the school district and building principal.

GE-529. Internship in Administration and Supervision II. 3 Credits.

Internships are arranged to give students on-the-job training. Supervision is provided by college staff in conjunction with the superintendent of the school district and building principal.

GE-540. Fundamentals of Methodology. 3 Credits.

An analysis of effective teaching skills, classroom management techniques, successful motivational strategies, objectives, lesson plans and innovative methods.

GE-541. Fundamentals of Methodology, Curriculum and Assessment in the Inclusive Early Childhood Classroom. 3 Credits.

This course will focus on implementing developmentally appropriate teaching practices, classroom management techniques, successful motivational strategies, objectives, lesson plans, and innovative methods. In addition, students will be provided situations to assess professional goals, develop authentic assessment practices, and respond to the cultural, linguistic, and learning needs of all students.

GE-546. Seminar on Education TPA. 3 Credits.

An indepth analysis of the requirements and implementation of ed.TPA.

GE-547. Student Teaching. 8 Credits.

Supervised classroom teaching experience on the elementary or secondary level including seminar meetings and conferences scheduled prior to and during the student teaching term.

GE-550. Clinical Practice I: Inclusive Early Childhood and Elementary Classroom Setting. 4 Credits.

Clinical practice in an early childhood or elementary setting in order to provide students with the skills and dispositions necessary to become effective early childhood teachers and develop relationships with school colleagues, families and community. Students will provide learning activities that support cognitive, emotional and social development. They will design learning experiences that support culturally responsive teaching, plan and assess developmentally appropriate lessons and units.

GE-551. Clinical Practice II: Inclusive Early Childhood and Elementary Classroom Setting. 8 Credits.

Students plan and implement developmentally appropriate and culturally responsive curriculum in an early childhood/elementary classroom which demonstrates their knowledge of child development and the role of the school community with regard to children's learning. Students implement the Core Curriculum Content Standard through an integrated curriculum. They use multiple strategies to assess learning and demonstrate effective classroom management.

GE-555. Computers in Curriculum Design and Evaluation. 3 Credits.

Application of computer in curriculum design, including areas such as instructional technology, research, communication with school community, and study skills; use of the internet in formulating inter-disciplinary learning units to meet the New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards in all areas. The evaluation of the use of technology in school curriculum.

GE-556. Integrating Computers and Technology into the Early Childhood Classroom. 3 Credits.

This course will adapt the use of technology to the unique needs of P-3 learners.

GE-570. Foundations of Reading Curriculum. 3 Credits.

The nature of the reading process: material and techniques used in readiness, language experience, work analysis, basic text, comprehension, content area, study skills and speed reading. Introduction to research based models of reading instruction and curriculum development; an analysis of New Jersey Core Curriculum Standards in language arts and literacy, and teaching reading across all areas of curriculum will be addressed.

GE-571. Diagnosis and Treatment of Children with Learning Disabilities. 3 Credits.

Theory and practice in identification, evaluation and remediation of learning disabilities. Understanding the role of the child study team and the development of an IEP. Introduction to legislation supporting students with disabilities. Summary of research on the human brain related to learning disabilities, formal and informal stages of referring students for learning evaluation.

GE-574. Diagnosis of Children with Reading Problems. 3 Credits.

Techniques for diagnosing elementary and high school students with reading difficulties, causes of reading problems; evaluation of frequently used tests and inventories including group and individual, survey and diagnostic, formal and informal evaluations will be discussed as well as communication of results to parents and colleagues; and a case study analysis of students withreading disabilities.

GE-576. Remediation of Children with Reading Problems. 3 Credits.

Remediation of elementary and high school students with reading difficulties; interpretation of frequently used tests and inventories including group and individual, survey and diagnostic, formal an informal; techniques of remedial and corrective treatment of reading disorders; evaluation of materials used in remediation; development of an IEP for reading.

GE-577. Research Seminar in Literacy. 3 Credits.

This course presents the basic concepts, procedures, and language of social science research: problem formulation, research design, data collection, data analysis and interpretation. The ethical and legal aspects of conducting educational research and sampling techniques in schools are explored. Students will learn to analyze and develop a related research project with the guidance of the professor. The course is specifically designed to provide students with the necessary knowledge to interpret, evaluate and apply research as it relates to special education and language literacy.

GE-578. Supervision of Reading Programs. 3 Credits.

Administering and supervising reading programs; initiating programs; conducting in service training; developing a budget; and conducting an evaluation of programs and personnel. Faculty development in areas of reading related to New Jersey Core Curriculum Standards.

GE-579. Supervised Practicum in Reading. 3 Credits.

Field experience: the opportunity for students to gain practical knowledge and experience in the fields of developmental and remedial reading instruction. Case study in diagnosis and remediation of instruction, supervised by a licensed reading specialist. Prerequisites: GE-574 AND GE-576.

GE-599. Graduate Education Independent Study. 3 Credits.

Study of a selected topic in depth utilizing field-based or library-based research. Prerequisite: Approval of the Dean.

GE-614. Overview of Educational Disabilities and Foundations for Specialized Instruction. 3 Credits.

Provides an overview and introduction to educational disabilities and special education. Characteristics and prevalence of a wide range of disabilities will be explored. Students will consider contemporary instructional approaches used for specialized populations.

GE-615. Instructional Strategies for Students with Disabilities. 3 Credits.

Provides students with knowledge and skills necessary to provide instruction that is both individualized and aligned with core course expectations. Multi-sensory and multiple intelligence learning theories will be explored. Instructional emphasis will be provided on teaching techniques to assist their students in the development of their own strategies and skills with the ultimate goal of independent living.

GE-616. Effective Classroom Management and Behavior Intervention. 3 Credits.

Explores and considers behavior management theories and techniques. Recognition of behavior difficulties, consideration of behavior assessment devices and application of behavior management systems applicable to whole class and individual students will be provided.

GE-617. Assisting Students with Special Needs in the General Education Classroom. 3 Credits.

Techniques and considerations to facilitate learning for all students will be explored. Examination of inclusionary learning theories such as differentiated instruction and universal instructional design will be emphasized. Course content will include adaptation of the learning environment, developing supports for special needs students using a collaborative approach and knowledge of in-class support methods.

GE-618. Assessment Techniques for Students with Disabilities. 3 Credits.

Students will be introduced to the use of assessment based decision making. Applications of assessment toward special education eligibility, informed instruction and behavior management will be addressed. Background procedures and application of both functional and formal standardized testing will be examined. Students will gain familiarity with testing most frequently utilized for special needs populations.

GE-620. Effective Classroom Management and Behavior Intervention in the Early Childhood Classroom. 3 Credits.

Explores and considers behavior management theories and techniques that are developmentally appropriate in the Early Childhood Classroom. Recognition of behavior difficulties, consideration of behavior assessment devices and application of behavior management systems applicable to whole class and individual students will be provided.

GE-631. Behavioral Analysis I. 3 Credits.

Focus on behavioral principles and procedures associated with the acquisition of new behavior and modification of existing behavior. Topics such as reinforcement, punishment,extinction, discrimination, drawing generalization, shaping, classical conditioning, conditioned reinforcement, and schedules of reinforcement application of these principles for developmental disabilities, academic skills and optimal behaviors.

GE-632. Applied Behavioral Analysis II. 3 Credits.

Focus on complex behavioral principles and issues surrounding the application of behavioral principles in the analysis and modification of behavior. Student will learn to identify behavior and environmental relationships that constitute behavioral deficits or excesses. Prerequisites: GE-631.

GE-633. Appied Behavioral Analysis III. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on behavioral research and methodology to evaluate interventions based on single-subject experimental decisions. Different behavior assessment and behavior intervention strategies will be examined. Prerequisites: GE-632.

GE-635. Research Seminar: Applied Behavior Analysis. 3 Credits.

This course will guide the student through the process of reviewing and analyzing data from a variety of sources, discussing various types of research designs, understanding the role of descriptive and inferential statistics, and the development and implementation of a thorough research project. Students will survey basic concepts, procedures and terminology used in education research. The ethical and legal aspects of conducting educational research and sampling techniques will be explored. The course is specifically designed to provide students with the necessary knowledge to interpret, evaluate, and apply research as it relates to special education and applied behavior analysis. Prerequisites: GE-631.

GE-652. Curriculum Development for Students with Disabilities. 3 Credits.

Students will gain knowledge about curriculum design, curricular adaptations, material selection and other pertinent instructional planning considerations for students with disabilities in both integrated and segregated settings. Appropriate focus and emphasis will be provided on the New Jersey Professional Standards for Teachers and the New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards recommended by national and state associations specializing in special education instruction.

GE-653. Assistive Technology - Uses and Applications. 3 Credits.

Students will be introduced to the wide variety of assistive technology and will examine its usefulness and utility for students with disabilities. Consideration of assistive technology applications toward content instruction, student response, enhancement of classroom management, provision of social intervention and transition services will occur.

GE-654. Stategies for Home, School and Community Relationships. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to heighten sensitivity to the needs of families of children with disabilities and develop techniques educators can utilize to assist families. Emphasis will be devoted to effective home-school team building and the identification and utilization of community resources that assist in meeting family based needs.

GE-655. Special Education and School Law. 3 Credits.

This class will examine legislation and case law concerned with the education of students with disabilities. Consideration will be given to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, Section 504 of the 1973 Civil Rights Act, Americans with Disabilities Act and relevant State legislation. Students will be provided with mandated requirements in the identification, evaluation, placement and instruction of students with disabilities.

GE-660. Introduction to Counseling. 3 Credits.

This course teaches students to understand what they need to be a counselor. Students will decide what the career of counselor is and whether or not they have the ability to become a counselor. The course explores various ideas used in counseling such as behavioral, psychodynamic and humanistic approaches. Students will understand the skills needed to be a successful couselor.

GE-661. Individual Counseling and Interviewing. 3 Credits.

Interviewing is a skill which provides both learning and reflection. Developing skills in interviewing and counseling requires a careful observation of oneself as well as others. This process is a complex one. The objective of the course is to explore the proper interviewing techniques and individual counseling of a client. This course suggests exploration of a much more complex values agenda- the values which inform the choices that are made as a counselor. The skills learned in this course will create greater communication skills which is a major component in counseling.

GE-662. Group Counseling. 3 Credits.

This program prepares students to counsel others in a group forum. These groups typically consist of 5 to 8 members. This is a program devoted to helping one to learn about themselves and others. This group process will assist students wanting to become more involved with the community. Students can use this group counseling program to talk about their concerns with others that share the same concerns. Together, with other students, students will learn new ways of viewing problems objectively.

GE-663. Career Counseling. 3 Credits.

This course provides the support needed in job searches. It not only supports students but challenges them as well. Students gain self-knowledge, educational planning skills and career decision capabilities. These services act as educational tools while at the same time assist students the most with promoting their educational endeavors.

GE-664. College Counseling. 3 Credits.

Examination of college guidance and admissions process in its entirety will be investigated. Topics include early college awareness, parental involvement, exploring colleges using the internet, college fairs, campus visits and interviews, preparing your list of colleges. All aspects of completing individual college applications and the common application, SAT, ACT early decision, early acceptance,early action and financial aid issues such as the FAFSA, grants, scholarships, loans, EOF, and work study will also be explored.

GE-665. Crisis Counseling. 3 Credits.

Introduction of concepts and procedures utilized in crisis counseling for students, faculty/staff, parents, and the helpers/counselors themselves. Topics include: district and school crisis committees, planning relationships with outside agencies such as police, emergency medical services, and the American Red Cross. The utilization of psychiatric emergency services, psychiatric screening services and mental health hotlines, grief counseling, memorial/remembrance activities, individual crisis intervention, and post traumatic stress.

GE-667. Abnormal Psychology. 3 Credits.

Child, adolescent and young adult psychopathology will be explored. Topics include the nature, diagnosis and treatment of mental illness, psychopharmacology, mentally ill chemical abusers, the types, roles, limitations, certification and/or licensure of different practitioners, mental health evaluation and mental status exams and the use of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition (DSM - IV) of the American Psychiatric Association with an emphasis on understanding and using the multi-axis diagnostic scheme.

GE-668. Psychology of Exceptional Children. 3 Credits.

This course introduces concepts, procedures, diagnosis, treatment and related issues pertaining to the psychology of children with special needs in school settings. Topics include the nature, basis, and types of disabilities with emphasis on but not limited to mental disabilities, ADHD, learning disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorders, and medical/physical handicaps, identification, referral, evaluation, classification, program, and placement processes, IDEA, Section 504, NJAC 6A-14, PRISE, and NCLB considerations; student, parent, school, and district rights and responsibilities; transitional issues, and gifted and/or talented students will be addressed.

GE-669. Community Agencies, Organizations and Resources. 3 Credits.

Students will examine the roles played by and relationships with institutions outside of the traditional educational setting who partner with, supplement, and at times supplant school counselors. Topics include DYFS, family, courts, police,sex crime units, hospitals, school based clinics, certified or licensed private practitioners of all types, faith based groups and individuals, self-help groups, community mental health centers, and confidentiality issues.

GE-670. Multicultural Counseling. 3 Credits.

To help a client, sometimes counselors must understand and respect their cultural values. A counselor should have the ability to deal with biases, stereotypes and racism. Because there is an abundant amount of methods that borrow from other cultures, it gives counselors in the western hemisphere a chance to improve their therapy techniques. The counselor should be able to adapt and adjust to the patients, cultural experiences and understand the world views of their clients. Multicultural Counseling is a very difficult and trying task and counselors should have the knowledge to understand their clients.

GE-671. Substance Abuse and Treatment. 3 Credits.

A comprehensive overview of psychoactive substance abuse, treatment and related issues with special emphasis on problems with alcohol will be explored. Topics include the nature of abuse and dependence involving single and multiple substances, commonly abused substances, identification and referral of abusers for treatment, treatment options to include evaluation, early intervention, detoxification, rehabilitation, outpatient, self-help groups, and various combinations of the aforementioned. Additional topics will incluse: the impact of substance abuse on the individual,family, school, and community, co-dependency, school based testing, and educational/preventative measures.

GE-672. Practicum in Counseling I. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to train counselors. Students will learn about phases in therapy such as cognitive and behavioral work and termination. This course also allows the students to explore various theoretical situations. This course details the dealing with adversity, ethics and ethnicity of people. Through this course, students are properly prepared for the challenges that they will face in counseling clients.

GE-673. Practicum in Counseling II. 3 Credits.

This course furthers the educational development from Practicum in Counseling I. This course teaches students to understand the responsibilities of a counselor. They will also learn essential team work skills that will help in working with a consulting team. They develop these skills through observation. Through this course students acquire, integrate and apply knowledge of the field.

GE-674. Family Therapy. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the history, concepts, and procedures of Family Therapy will be examined. Topics include: theories and practice, systems, nature of family therapy, treatment plans and relationships within families. An emphasis on bringing about constructive change and development, the impact of AIDS, substance abuse, medical problems, gender, culture, criminality, divorce, economics, terrorism, war, and other social problems on families, non-traditional families and the dynamics of the family/school partnerships.

GE-675. Ethics, Law and Professional Issues in Counseling. 3 Credits.

Examination of the effects of ethical, legal and other professional issues in counseling. Topics include the 2005 American Counseling Association Code of Ethics with a detailed examination and analysis of its eight main sections, institutional policies and procedures, local, state, and national law, codes, New Jersey School Law Decisions, case law and the discussion of selected current issues in counseling drawn from professional journals and similar publications in the areas of counseling, psychology, social work and psychiatry.

GE-676. Case Studies in Counseling. 3 Credits.

This course focuses exclusively on case studies in counseling. It is an advanced post-masters pre-licensing seminar. Complex situations from school, private practice, hospital and agency counseling situations will be introduced, examined, and resolved. Following initial presentations by the instructor, participants will take part in multiple individual and group presentations. Some role playing will be required.

GE-677. Community Mental Heath and Wellness. 3 Credits.

Extensive investigations into preventing common problems will be explored. The course will focus on fostering good mental health or psychological wellness. The counselor is seen as functioning in an extremely proactive role and as a wellness educator. Topics include establishing peer mediation programs, suicide awareness, managing impulsivity, forming support groups, training peer counselors, developing study skills, learning stress reduction techniques, recognizing and dealing with depression, isolation, cultural differences, understanding issues in human sexuality, avoiding gang involvement, and improving ethnic, race and gender relations.

GE-680. History of American Higher Education. 3 Credits.

The history and development of higher education in the United States will be reviewed. Political and economic factors will be integrated into the curriculum. Current issues in diversity, globalization, international partnership, and online learning will also be explored.

GE-681. Ethical Decision Making and Social Responsibility. 3 Credits.

This course concentrates on the responsibilities of the educational leader as an ethical exemplar, leader, and educator. Students will examine a variety of current ethical educational issues and develop effective moral decision-making skills.

GE-682. Organizational Behavior and Administration. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on the theoretical and practical implications of organizational behavior from a sociological perspective. Students will study organizational concepts such as diversity in the educational workplace, motivation and individual differences in organizations, group dynamics and decision making, cooperation, teamwork, management, professional development and quality improvement programs.

GE-683. Governance Management and Administration. 3 Credits.

Overview of the organization, administrative roles and positions, administrative process, personnel management, and administrator relationships within various institutions of higher learning.

GE-684. Innovative Curriculum Strategies. 3 Credits.

The broad range of experiences and perspectives brought to school by culturally, linguistically, and ethnically diverse students required educational leaders to provide innovative teaching methods. Responding to each student as an individual and using a holistic approach is key. This course will empower you to provide the necessary resources for all students to succeed.

GE-685. Finance, Budgetary Plans and Resource Allocation. 3 Credits.

An overview of the budgeting process, sources of revenue, types of expenditures, and issues and innovations in financing various types of contemporary institutions of higher education. The course will also include a survey of the various business and planning operations vital to the operation of colleges and universities.

GE-686. Emerging Legal Issues in Higher Education. 3 Credits.

This course covers laws, legal principles, and critical issues pertaining to higher education in the United States and New Jersey. Students will explore constitutional and statutory laws, regulations, and landmark court decisions affecting policy and practice. Special topics such as search and seizure, disabilities, religion, speech, due process, and equal protection under the law will be discussed. Students will research and analyze actual case studies to ensure a problem-based approach experience.

GE-687. Accountability: Assessment and Accreditation. 3 Credits.

This course explores the role of assessment in higher education, with an emphasis on designing effective student learning outcomes and departmental goals; as well as institutional effectiveness strategies and review. Students will also be introduced to accreditation processes, and how to use national institutional survey data to inform assessment.

GE-688. Global Comparisons of Higher Education. 3 Credits.

This course provides a comparative analysis of national and international higher education institutions to identify strengths, weaknesses and best practices.

GE-689. Online College Teaching. 3 Credits.

This course explores Quality Matters, established online learning standards to recognize, understand and utilize established best practices for online college teaching. The course will explore additional technologies and tools for online teaching.

GE-699. Comprehensive Exam. 0 Credits.

GE-801. Curriculum Development and Instruction. 3 Credits.

This advanced course concentrates on how curriculum is developed and implemented in organizational settings. The course is based on theoretical research, current societal issues, and school-based needs for accountability based education with specific strategies to foster learning, interventions, personalization and mastery of the curriculum. The students will analyze current curriculum standards and educational reform movements.

GE-803. School Policy Analysis. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on current educational and societal policy issues. Students will investigate historical and legal aspects of educational issues as well as the political principles of contemporary education. In order to gain a comprehensive understanding of educational policy, students will analyze the consequences and challenges in collecting policy information, incorporating various research methods, and implementing technology. Students will employ various resources to develop an extensive appreciation of the role of the educational leader in the American political and policy arena.

GE-805. Organizational Behavior and Leadership. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on the theoretical and practical implications of organizational behavior from a sociological perspective. Students will study organizational concepts such as diversity in the educational workplace, motivation and individual differences in organizations, group dynamics and decision-making, cooperation, teamwork, management, professional development and quality improvement programs.

GE-807. Statistics I. 3 Credits.

This course analyzes and applies descriptive and inferential statistics, elements of probability that support statistical theory, and theoretical distributions. Students will apply statistics to critical educational issues that require measurement, analysis, and decision making for organizational improvement. The students will also be required to design, conduct, and report a study that demonstrates their statistical skills.

GE-809. Research Design and Methods. 3 Credits.

This course will actively engage in the developent and implementation of a draft of the formal research proposal. They will be required to complete the research process by utilizing both a quantitative and qualitative approach toward their respective research topic. All required components of the research proposal outline must be included, as described in the American Psychological Association Manual current edition.

GE-811. Qualitative Research Design and Analysis. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to develop proficiency in collecting, analyzing, and reporting qualitative data, using a variety of qualitative tools including ethnography, research interviews, content analysis, case studies, phenomenological studies and participant observation. Prerequisites: GE-801 GE-803 GE-805 GE-807 GE-809.

GE-822. Historical Trends in Higher Education. 3 Credits.

The history and development of higher education in the United States will be reviewed. Political and economic factors will be integrated into the curriculum. Current issues in diversity, globalization, international partnership and online learning will also be explored.

GE-824. Innovative Strategies in Educational Leadership. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on innovative strategies in educational leadership in modern society and its impact on organizational efficacy and institutional change. Students will research and analyze the historical, cultural, sociological, philosophical and theoretical perspectives in the leadership process. Prerequisites: GE-801 GE-803 GE-805 GE-807 GE-809.

GE-825. Ethical Foundations and Social Responsibility. 3 Credits.

This course concentrates on the responsibilities of the educational leader as an ethical exemplar, leader and educator. Students will examine a variety of current ethical educational issues and develop effective moral decision-making skills.

GE-826. Data Driven Analysis and Implementation. 3 Credits.

This course will prepare teacher leaders and administrators to analyze, manage, interpret and make decisions based on the data that is commonplace in America's schools.

GE-829. Advanced Technology for Administrators. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on the role of the educational leader in utilizing emerging technologies to achieve and enhance school reform. This course will enable students to plan for the integration of emerging technologies into the design of the curriculum, instruction, research and assessment. Students will study contemporary technology issues and implications in the use of information and multimedia technologies in teaching and learning, communications and management. Students will research legal and ethical considerations in the planning, funding, professional development needs and evaluation related to the use of educational technology. Prerequisites: GE-801 GE-803 GE-805 GE-807 GE-809.

GE-831. Accountability: Resource Allocation and Financial Challenges. 3 Credits.

This course provides students with federal and state directives on school finance and educational equity. Economic principles and national income measures related to public education will be discussed. Students will investigate sources of revenue, expenditures, and fiscal problems, including federal, state, and local aid, taxation, planning, debt management, income, investments, and cost forecasting. Students will examine the budget process and comprehensive annual reports used by school districts in New Jersey. The role of the New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards in school finance will be explored.

GE-833. Emerging Legal and Moral Issues Facing Executive Administrators. 3 Credits.

This course covers school laws, legal principles, and critical issues pertaining to education in the United States and New Jersey. Students will explore constitutional and statutory laws, regulations, and landmark court decisions affecting policy and practice. Special topics such as search and seizure, disabilities, religion, speech, due process, and equal protection under the law will be discussed. Students will research and analyze actual case studies to ensure a problem-based approach experience.

GE-835. Personnel Administration and Public Sector Bargaining. 3 Credits.

This course provides students the opportunity to assess and evaluate their organization's personnel evaluation system, analyze developmental needs, develop an improvement plan and incorporate a model to enhanced professional growth. Students will analyze, synthesize and evaluate critical factors affecting human relations, effective grouping of employees and power sources and politics in an organization. Personnel administrative functions discussed include human resource needs, personnel security matters, collective bargaining negotiations, affirmative action, recruitment, selection, tenure, termination and legal parameters. Case study, lecture, and group interaction will be employed to promote and improve management's awareness of personnel issues. Prerequisites: GE-801 GE-803 GE-805 GE-807 GE-809.

GE-839. Statistics II. 3 Credits.

This course applies of both quantitative and qualitative methods and analysis implemented in this course as a direct extension of Statistics I. Students will expand previous knowledge for analysis, interpretation and decision-making in quantitative research to be used in education leadership and school improvement models. Students will use statistical software to aid in their research using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Prerequisites: GE-807.

GE-841. Selected Topics in Educational Leadership. 3 Credits.

This course provides students with the opportunity to reflect upon their role as an educational leader and expand upon their Professional Growth Plan (PGP). Through the use of cutting edge research, various case studies, debate panel discussions, group interaction, and role-playing, students will acquire the skills and apply effective methods to solve contemporary problems encountered by educational leaders. Students will analyze and assess the results of specific research projects covering critical areas of leadership and management. Prerequisites: GE-801 GE-803 GE-805 GE-807 GE-809.

GE-843. Administrative Internship K-12: Superintendent Certification. 3 Credits.

The course is aligned to the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) Educational Leadership Policy Standards for School Leaders and is supervised and taught by a former superintendent of schools/faculty member. The administrative internship consists of a daily log of completed administrative activities promoting the success of all students advocating, nurturing and sustaining a school culture conducive to learning implementing a vision for learning, data driven decision making and centered on the ISLLC standards. Prerequisites: GE-801 GE-803 GE-805 GE-807 GE-809.

GE-845. Advanced Quantitative Methods. 3 Credits.

Quantitative research methods, including theory, research design, role of educational measurement in quantitative data-based inference, evaluation and statistical analysis.

GE-846. Survey Research. 3 Credits.

This course guides students through the process of designing and conducting a survey research project. This will include examining the decisions faced by a researcher during the design and implementation of the survey; sources of bias; questionnaire construction; recruitment; management of data sets.

GE-864. Administration and Governance of Higher Education. 3 Credits.

Overview of the organization, administrative roles and positions, administrative process, personnel management and administrator relationships within various institutions of higher learning.

GE-866. Enrollment Management and Marketing. 3 Credits.

This course addresses fundamental principles of marketing and enrollment management in a higher education including branding, differentiation, forecasting, and public and alumni relations. Discussion of strategic enrollment management processes includes legal and regulatory considerations related to student recruitment, financial aid, and diversity issues, as well as aligning marketing and recruitment efforts with institutional mission and goals. This course will also explore applications of online social networking systems, digital media, and other communications tools, in addition to traditional media and public relations strategies.

GE-868. Student Development and Programming. 3 Credits.

This course examines fundamental principles of student learning and development; the implications for student programming; and will explore strategies for effectively planning, organizing, and managing student services and programs, and for ensuring that these programs meet legal and regulatory requirements. A major focus is on the design and deployment of programs and services that can enable students from diverse backgrounds to achieve their educational goals.

GE-871. Dissertation Seminar I. 3 Credits.

The course will guide and assist in the development of the dissertation proposal, writing dissertation chapters, design, data analysis, preparing articles for publication, developing research proposals for professional conferences and other professional arenas. Emphasis will be placed on individual student work with their Mentor and Dissertation Committee members.

GE-872. Grants, Philanthropy, and Development. 3 Credits.

This course will focus on the importance of fundraising in Higher Education. Emphasis will be given to alumni relations, prospect development, foundation research and proposal writing. Also included will be a primer on the legal principles of contracts and grants including how to identify sources, make the proposal, and manage the project.

GE-873. Dissertation Seminar II. 3 Credits.

In this course, doctoral students work individually with their Mentor and Dissertation Committee members on the completion of their dissertation. To be deemed acceptable, the dissertation must be evidence that the student has pursued a program of relevant educational knowledge in the field of educational leadership in a higher education or K-12 school system setting. Students must maintain continuous enrollment in this course until they have successfully completed and defended their dissertation. Students must have their dissertation proposal approved by the Doctoral Committee for Research Involving Human Subjects prior to registering for this course.

GE-874. Finance, Budgeting and Resource Allocation in Higher Education. 3 Credits.

An overview of the budgeting process, sources of revenue, types of expenditures, and issues and innovations in financing various types of contemporary institutions of higher education. The course will also include a survey of the various business and planning operations vital to the operation of colleges and universities.

GE-875. Dissertation Advisement. 1 Credit.

In this course, doctoral students have advanced to candidacy and completed Dissertation Seminar I and Dissertation Seminar II. Students must register continuously for advancement until the dissertation is successfully defended.

GE-876. Accountability: Assessment, Accreditation and Institutional Research. 3 Credits.

This course explores the role of assessment in higher education, with an emphasis on designing effective student learning outcomes and departmental goals as well as institutional effectiveness strategies and review. Students will also be introduced to accreditation processes and how to use national institutional survey data to inform assessment.

GE-881. Advanced Independent Study in Higher Education. 3 Credits.

For doctoral students wishing to work with their mentor to study topics related to their dissertation.

GE-899. Doctorate Independent Study. 3 Credits.